By Xavier Caño Tamayo
For years, many areas of the Earth have been hit by fearsome hurricanes, destructive tropical storms, rains like the flood, lethal droughts, immense uncontrollable fires due to the tremendous environmental dryness, while desertification advances and the poles are reduced.
The UN Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Climate Change (GIECC) has specified the consequences of this in its fifth assessment on global warming. To start trembling.
Disappearance of livelihoods in coastal areas and small island states due to storms, floods and rising sea levels. Serious health risks and disappearance of livelihoods of urban groups due to flooding in the interior. Destruction of vital infrastructure and services (water, electricity, health and social protection) due to extreme weather events. More mortality and disease in periods of extreme heat. More hunger from destruction of food systems. Loss of resources and livelihoods in rural areas due to severe reduction of drinking water and irrigation. Loss of goods and services in coastal and fishing communities in the tropics, in the Arctic ...
The report confirms that, in the last 40 years, the emission of greenhouse gases has grown. From 2000 to 2010 it has increased much more than in the previous thirty years. And Rajendra Pachauri, president of the GIECC, warns that “if measures are not adopted to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, climate change will advance and social stability will be seriously threatened. Climate change will lead to violent conflicts, civil wars and violence between communities ”.
Close and real threats that have to do with the very free and unregulated performance of economic elites for decades to increase profits. Something inherent in capitalism. The only way out is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. To tackle climate change, the authors of the report propose more than what has failed: “public-private collaboration, loans, payment for environmental services, price increases for natural resources, taxes and subsidies, rules and regulations, risk sharing and transfer mechanisms ”. Measures applied since 1992, after the Rio conference, which have not stopped climate change and have increased inequality. And it is that dependence on oil, the mother of the lamb of the emission of greenhouse gases, is not attacked at the root.
Why are we going towards a collective suicide? Because the most polluting capitalist countries (including China as capitalist) prevent a binding global agreement to seriously curb climate change.
Is it possible to contain the global temperature rise to 2º? The GIECC says yes, if action is taken soon. Technological transformations and real changes in individual and collective behavior. Only possible with political changes and large investments.
Containing the Earth's temperature rise to 2º (beyond which the consequences are much more serious) means reducing the emission of greenhouse gases from 40% to 70% compared to the total emission of 2010. In Spain, before The proposal of a market for the exchange of emissions, as a presumed way to reduce the emission of these gases, a businessman responded enthusiastically that, if there was business, it was possible to talk. And that is the question, that there can be no business if you really want to stop climate change. It requires a profound change, a world far removed from our current world. And it is possible, however difficult it may seem.
Facing climate change is a matter of life and death: continue human history or disappear like dinosaurs. And with capitalism (even the most "humane and fair" in the Roosevelt style of Thomas Piketty and company) climate change is not stopped. As it is impossible for a fox to be a good guardian of a henhouse.