By José Carlos Díaz Zanelli
Climate change is already wreaking havoc globally. 2016 will be a year particularly affected by the weather. One of the most critical aspects will be the droughts that have been occurring in various parts of the world and that are affecting both the population and the economy of nations.
Without going too far, the province of Cangallo (Ayacucho) has been one of the areas most affected by droughts in the interior of Peru. And is that the absence of rain has affected around 50 thousand hectares of crops and livestock. At the moment the farmers are waiting for some kind of help from the Central Government.
But at the South American level the El Niño phenomenon is seriously damaging the population. For example, in Colombia until the beginning of the year there were more than 200 districts with water shortages and suffering energy cuts. To this must be added the high temperatures expected during 2016 for the countries of the Southern Hemisphere.
In europe and africa
In Europe the phenomenon has been felt through a winter with high temperatures. At the beginning of the year, multiple forest fires were registered in countries like Spain, largely due to the heat wave, unusual this season.
But so far in 2015-2016, the impacts of high temperatures and droughts have been global. Recently, the director of the UN Office of Disaster Risk Reduction and the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Robert Glasser, pointed out that 2015 had been one of the hardest years due to the heat and scarcity of rain. .
According to United Nations records, more than 50 million people have been affected in Africa alone and more than 32 large-scale droughts have been recorded globally. And the outlook is not encouraging.
"The droughts will get worse in 2016. This year we are going to face a humanitarian disaster for this reason, with population exoduses and migrations," predicted the director of the UN Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Debarati Guha-Sapir.