In this regard, it should be noted that, despite being a human right, approximately 1.2 billion women and girls are not guaranteed access to improved sanitation, of which 500 million practice open defecation. All of this has a special impact on their living conditions:
• Women and girls who practice open defecation are exposed daily to the danger of attacks and rapes.
• It is estimated that women and girls around the world spend 97,000 million hours looking for a place to defecate, time that they do not dedicate to their training, the development of productive activities that allow them to leave the circle of poverty or to rest and rest. free time (also recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights).
• Not having separate toilets for girls and boys in schools or hygienic materials that ensure the privacy of their menstrual hygiene, contributes to millions of girls dropping out of school when they reach puberty. Added to this are the 443 million school days that are lost each year around the world as a result of diseases related to water, sanitation and hygiene.
Despite its relevance for millions of people, and that the Sustainable Development Goals set as a goal to achieve by that year "access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene services for all and to put an end to open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and people in vulnerable situations ”, ONGAWA highlights that the current pace of progress in sanitation is not enough to achieve universal access by 2030. The latest estimates, in this regard, indicate that to eradicate open defecation it would be necessary to duplicate current efforts in this area.
In addition to resources, the role of women in the management of sanitation systems is key to achieving this objective. Women should be an active part of decision-making processes regarding planning and management of sanitation in their localities, for which their empowerment and leadership should be promoted.
Therefore, measures are necessary for a planet 50 - 50 in participation in decision-making that affect humanity, also in the field of sanitation and hygiene.
This press release is part of the project "Promotion in Extremadura of awareness and active participation of citizens, journalists and the media in favor of the Human Right to Sanitation and hygiene in the countries of the South, linked to the agenda of post-2015 development "funded by the Extremadura Agency for International Development Cooperation. Its content is the sole responsibility of ONGAWA and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of AEXCID.
ONGAWA Engineering for Human Development is a Development NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) whose mission is to put technology at the service of human development to build a more just and supportive society.
ONGAWA Engineering for Human Development