By Dra Graciela Vizcay Gomez
A recent article in SpringerOpen magazine describes the increasing use of glyphosate: 18.9 million pounds have been used worldwide since its introduction in 1974, making it the most widely and heavily applied herbicide in the history of chemical agriculture. Significantly, 74% of all glyphosate sprayed on crops since the mid-1970s was applied only in the last 10 years, because the cultivation of GM corn and soybeans expanded in the US and throughout the world.
Glyphosate uses to speed up the wheat harvest:
Charles Benbrook, Ph.D., author of the work, says that the practice of spraying glyphosate on wheat before harvest, known as DESECANTE, began in Scotland in the 1980s.
"Farmers often had trouble getting the wheat and barley to dry evenly so they can start the harvest. So he came up with the idea of killing the crop (with glyphosate) a week or two before harvest. to accelerate the drying of the grain ", said.
Using glyphosate pre-harvest allows farmers to harvest crops up to two weeks earlier than usual, a plus.
The practice spread to wheat-producing areas of North America such as Canadian provinces such as Saskatchewan and Manitoba in the midwestern United States and above.
"Desiccation is mainly carried out in years when conditions are humid and crops take time to dry"said Joel Ransom, an agronomist at North Dakota State University.
Ransom says that drying wheat with glyphosate has been a useful tool for farmers.
"It helps speed up drying and controls weeds in cereals and other materials that slows down threshing practice", said. "It has an important role in the areas where it is more humid."
Ransom says the practice has increased in North Dakota, which is the top wheat-producing state in the US, in the past 15 years due to its more humid climate.
Although more common in the upper Midwestern states, where there is more moisture, desiccation is less likely to occur in the drier wheat-producing areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, Washington, and Oregon.
According to a wheat farmer in Saskatchewan, desiccation of wheat with glyphosate is very common in his region. "I think every non-organic farmer in Saskatchewan uses glyphosate on most of their wheat acreage every year," said the farmer who preferred to remain anonymous. Concerned about this practice, he said "I think farmers have to realize that all the chemicals we use are 'bad' to some extent." "Monsanto has done an effective marketing job that glyphosate is 'safe' and 'biodegradable' which farmers still believe, even though such claims are false."
The vast majority of farmers in Manitoba, Canada's third-largest wheat-producing province, also use glyphosate in wheat, said Gerald Wiebe, a farmer and agricultural consultant.
"I estimate that 90 to 95% of the wheat area in Manitoba is sprayed before harvest with glyphosate; the exception would be in the dry areas of the province where humidity levels at harvest time are not a problem ", said.
There goes the alert for the olives crops dried with glyphosate, in Italy suffering the plague xylella fastidiosa, and all the food in Argentina, that people have no idea that it is not only fumigated with glyphosate from the fallow, growth, before the harvest, and then in silos. Many of them are not even because of the humidity, but because of greed and selling more and faster.
Foods that soak in poison, before, during and after and thus perpetuate the silent genocide, of which the accomplices are INTA, SENASA, ANMAT, Consumer Defense, and the Ministry of Agriculture, organizations that should warn the government, but do the A blind eye, selling their silence to multinationals, at the cost of the health of their own families.