We already feel the major influence of global warming if we look at temperatures. If we want to continue consuming our favorite products, we need to be more concerned about the emission of carbon dioxide. We know that it is impossible to do it in a single night but the climatic changes of the planet will influence the cultivation cycle of the main feeding materials. Professor Gerald C. Nelson from the University of Illinois says the following about the absence of the 5 main food materials that will not be able to fight effectively against climate change.
The worst hit areas: Especially India and most of the planet.
French fries are considered a food most consumed by teenagers. But it is a frequently preferred food. Nelson says that the center of the potato, which is edible, needs low night heats to start the cultivation process. Due to the differences caused by global warming there are important reductions in potato production. In addition, these effects cause an increase in the population of insects and herbal diseases.
The worst hit areas: Latin America (Nicaragua, Mexico, Honduras and Guatemala)
Heat and rising temperatures in the process of growing coffee come up as two important issues. Nelson says: "We know that to grow coffee there are definite temporary needs, producers used to create production zones going up the mountains but at one point this alternative no longer responds."
Especially cultivated in the Central American region, arabic coffee is grown in moderate seasonal conditions. For this reason, global warming damages coffee production with the temporary conditions that change. In addition, the increase in rainfall prevents the seed from grasping the ground strongly.
The worst hit areas: the USA and Japan
Nelson says apples need the thermalization process in the winter months and the shorter cold process creates bigger problems in apple and cherry trees. The low quality of the harvested product will be seen as well as damage to the quantity of products and this is verified by the Japanese researchers.
While increasing the sugar and soft shape in the apple in the last 40 years, the reduced rate of sugar is lost.
The worst hit areas: the US, Canada, China, India, Russia and Australia
Climate change is expected to have immense national and international influences on the wheat used for pasta production. While the change of 1 degree Celsius in the last 50 years caused a 5.5% reduction in fertility, it is considered that the heat increases and a 25% reduction in fertility is expected in crops in 2050. In addition, the reduction in the rains also hit the amount of wheat.
The worst hit areas: All rice growing areas
If we look at the effects of excessive heat it appears that the rice life cycle is under threat. As Nelson says, the increase in heat causes the rice to flower and the formation of the seeds. In addition, the rising sea levels cause flooding in the rice fields and the level of salt causes the breakdown of the product. The global warming drought causes low production and rising prices.