Palma and deforestation in the Andean Amazon. The San Martín case

Palma and deforestation in the Andean Amazon. The San Martín case

By Jorge Arboccó *

The deforestation continued at a rate of one thousand hectares per year between 2010 and 2013 and another thousand between 2014 and 2015. This is what Jorge Arboccó warns in an article that we reproduce below:

According to reports from the Monitoring Project of the Andean Amazon of Amazon Conservation (ACCA) and Amazon Conservation Association (ACA), the Palmas group, belonging to the Romero Group, has carried out clearings of 6,974 hectares between 2006 and 2011 in the San Martín region .

These same organizations emphasize that in the areas surrounding these awards, a thousand hectares have been deforested per year between 2010 and 2013 and another thousand between 2014 and 2015.

To date, the Ministry of Agriculture has been promoting a process of construction of the "National Plan for Sustainable Development of the Oil Palm", however, it remains that during this process, the communities that suffer the environmental impact of this economic activity, can raise His point of view.

On February 19, 2016, part of the process of construction of this policy in question was carried out in San Martín, however, from this meeting, there were few media and members of civil society who were able to learn about the event. In particular, some indigenous and peasant communities had to be listened to because their territories and lives would be affected and their word would have been important to foresee better practices in the promotion of this crop.

Ministerial Resolution 0565-2015 MINAGRI approved on November 12, 2015, which indicates the creation of a multisectoral commission to build the Plan and which is made up of representatives of the State and of the palm growers and businessmen of Peru. However, given the environmental impact of this activity in the Amazon, at least, it would be significant that such a process has representatives of indigenous peoples and affected peasants, this, if not in the set of work teams, at least in the Group Department on environmental and territorial issues chaired by the General Directorate of Environmental and Agrarian Affairs of MINAGRI.

In April 2015, the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) developed a report that reveals Illegal deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon promoted by Oil Palm plantations; In the report, we find for example that:

"... companies of the Romero and Melka Groups acquired or deforested Amazonian forests through irregular procedures, thus revealing critical fissures in the decision-making chain of the Peruvian Government authorities"

These “critical fissures” would be deficiencies or as it is commonly said: “taken back to the law” by companies, which, taking advantage of the inefficiency of the State to control the environment, have been developing actions that motivate the deforestation of the Amazon ( one). According to this report, for San Martín, only the Romero Group has 22,550 hectares of oil palm and would seek the award of 34 thousand additional hectares. Of these territories, 23,000 hectares would be part of the Primary Forests of our Amazon.

The State has the decision in its hands, a truly participatory process, it should not only take into account the beneficiaries but also the citizens who have been affected and above all, the populations in greater vulnerability in the midst of highly vulnerable ecosystems. fragile and unique on the planet.

(1) Summary in Spanish at:
* Jorge Arboccó, is the Regional Director in San Martín of the Peace and Hope Association.


Video: Why I illegally cut down trees in the Amazon rainforest. Interview with a Brazilian illegal logger (September 2021).