The world's first electric highway has been inaugurated in central Sweden, near the city of Gävle. This new system is the result of a series of projects that demonstrate that the path to fossil fuel-free transportation is possible.
Trucks from the automotive brand Scania have tested this two-kilometer electric surface using technology developed by Siemens.
This new road model, the result of several years of cooperation between the Swedish Government and the private sector, allows trucks to operate as electric vehicles on the section arranged for this type of circulation and as regular hybrid vehicles at other times.
Scania's head of research and development, Claes Erixon, has indicated that the company is committed to the success of this project because of its importance as an important milestone on the path to fossil fuel-free transport.
The operation of this new method is based on the reception of energy by the truck that comes from a pantograph energy collector mounted behind its cabin.
In turn, the pantographs are connected to overhead power lines that are above the right-hand lane of the road, and trucks can freely connect and disconnect from overhead wires while in motion.
When the truck goes off the electric rail, the pantograph is disconnected and the truck is powered by its combustion engine or battery operated electric motor. The same principle applies when the driver wants to overtake another vehicle.
Scania has highlighted the importance of the electric highway as a key component in achieving Sweden's fleet of fuel-efficient and non-fossil vehicles by 2030.