The Thai government believes it has found the easiest and fastest way to reforest areas damaged by activities such as agriculture.
This first mission was carried out in the forested region of Phitsanulok, on an area of approximately 800 hectares. During the next five years, the results of this action will be monitored and evaluated, with the expectation that already by the end of 2017 there will be notable changes.
The bombs include seeds from local trees such as phayungs, mongs, maka and kaboks, wrapped in a mixture of soil, clay and compost, to facilitate germination. The concept of 'seed bombs' was created by the Japanese farmer, biologist and philosopher Masanobu Fukuoka, author of a natural farming method. With the perfection of this technique and the use of airplanes, it is possible to plant approximately 900,000 trees in one day.
The oldest record of "seed bombardment" dates from 1930, when airplanes were used to reforest some areas in the mountains of Honolulu, Hawaii, following wildfires. In Africa, this technique is used to sow pastures to feed livestock.
Another project that is relevant to mention is 'SeedBomb', an idea of the Lockheed Martin Aerospace company to reforest the Earth with aerial bombs that consist of biodegradable plastic capsules, which contain an artificial soil grown with seeds, to be launched from the air .
Clearly, these techniques are not widely used due to the cost of having airplanes, but it is an option that can be taken into account for the current situation in our country. Let us remember that a recent report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) places Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina among the ten countries that dismantled the most during the last 25 years. Between 1990 and 2015 our country lost more than 7.6 million hectares (an area similar to that of Scotland), at a rate of 300,000 hectares per year.