How far are we in postmodern cities from feeling the value that Mother Earth has in our lives? We are children of the Pachamama or Mother Earth and we must adore her as she deserves. However, as thinking beings we have strayed quite a bit from it. On the one hand, we let the lust for power envelop us in a human advance in which the value resides in the intangibility of the financial, the consumption of numbing materialism, the filling of our lives with ephemeral events that leave nothing and contribute nothing to our being. .
One of the many tasks in this life is to see who we are, to discover what our roots are, and to whom we should pay honors and offerings. However, for this, we must not forget that we are beings who carry divinity and we are the intermediaries between heaven and earth and that our humanity resides, in part, in recognizing ourselves in that way. Acting consistently is then the way to be true children of the Pachamama, because through our divine acts with the environment we will achieve harmony in our human actions.
Worship the Pachamama
The term Pachamama is formed by the words "Pacha", which in Quechua means universe, world, time, place, and "Mama", translated as mother, earth, fertility, the feminine.
Pachamama is therefore our life and if we turn our back on it, as is happening today with the rate of consumption and, therefore, high polluting production, we are damaging ourselves.
It is not an easy task to honor Pachamama, because it is a path that has many bifurcations, we would say almost like there are people in this world, and this can range from being a fanatic ecological activist, being a great defender of indigenous customs, or simply having our own organic garden at home.
How to get closer to Earth
With the fast pace of modern life, including everyday tasks, long working hours, the new computer age, etc. Sometimes we prefer to turn a deaf ear and occupy our time in superfluous, selfish, idle, materialistic things or issues, rather than investing it in creating our own space that connects us to the Earth, to our origins, to life.
Therefore, below we propose some activities that can help us return to earth:
Create organic gardens: in addition to eating healthier, growing at home is a way of touching the earth, feeling the value of its nutrients, accompanying the growth process of plants, respecting and knowing the natural cycles and the rhythm of the seasons of the year.
Outings in the open air: traveling and / or taking advantage of the outings in leisure moments to contemplate nature, landscapes, feel the heat of the sun, look at the sky, etc.
Build our own garden: find a space in our home where we have plants, flowers, shrubs.
Having pets: domestic animals, in addition to being excellent companions, put us in contact with nature.
Collaborate with associations that help Aboriginal communities and / or environmental foundations: it can be through direct activities or by sponsoring them with donations or other contributions.
Study the origins or ancestors of our place of birth: this is a way to go back to the roots.
Respect our environment at an ecological level: produce less garbage, take care of water, avoid buying unnecessary things, do not produce electronic scrap, etc.
The native peoples have an infinity of festivals throughout the year related to the agricultural cycle of the seasons. It is the cultivation of the land that establishes the indigenous rhythms, because there life, nature, food germinate and, through all this, abundance is reached.
The Latin American natives never forget to thank the Pachamama for its fruits, and dedicate themselves to honoring it during the month of August. Thus, the agricultural calendar sets the standard for the life of native peoples. After the harvest, the land rests and wakes up in August “hungry”. The belief is that in order not to eat the seeds of the sowing, which begins on August 21, it must be fed symbolically. Throughout the month, the Andean peoples make offerings to him, which means to ritualistically return what the land has given throughout the year, that is, they give him food, water, coca, chicha, wine, etc. In turn, it is an opportunity to pray for prosperity and health for the rest of the year.
Celebrating the Pachamama is essential in the ancestral conception of indigenous peoples. This custom is based on the fact that they assume that they are part of a greater being, the Earth, and this celebration is a way of assuming it.
The ritual of August 1
The Pachamama ritual is, probably, the most popular of the mythological beliefs of the Inca area that still survive strongly in some regions of the Argentine Northwest (NOA) and especially in Jujuy. The dissemination of the myth uses the Quichua and Aymara languages as a vehicle.
When the Spanish arrived, the Pachamama was already a legend in Inca folklore, which indicates that its origin must be sought in the agricultural communities of western South America.
The first of August is the day of the Pachamama. That day a clay pot with cooked food is buried in a place near the house. Coca, yicta, alcohol, wine, cigarettes and chicha are also used to "feed" the Pachamama. Every time you are going to sow, harvest, mark the farm or run the cattle, a hole is made in the ground and the various offerings are deposited there, this is what is called corpachar or feeding the earth.
That same day you have to wear black and white yarn cords, made of llama wool spinning to the left. These cords are tied at the ankles, wrists and neck, to avoid the punishment of the Pachamama.
Today this name is given to the earth in a deified concept. It is Mother Earth, as the representation of the God of goodness, she who shows us generosity in every sense, making the fruits change or offering us the minerals and wealth stored in her womb.
This deity is periodically paid homage through the ritual act called Challa, in an effort to repair with this rite the human action of treading in its bosom, at the same time we are grateful for the goods that it offers us for our sustenance or the riches that it kept in her bosom, asking her not to stop favoring us.
The Pachamama is therefore the female goddess of the earth and fertility; a benign agricultural divinity conceived as the mother who nurtures, protects and sustains human beings. The Pachamama would become the goddess of communal agriculture, the foundation of all civilization and the Andean State.
What are apachetas?
On the paths of the hills there are from time to time heaps of stones called apachetas. They have a double meaning; on the one hand, to act as a guide and signpost for travelers, and on the other, to be an altar in which offerings of various characteristics are left for Mother Earth: coca leaves, wine, chicha, food, cigarettes, yerba, etc. The faith placed in these apachetas through the offerings resides in the fact that it is the Pachamama who will help the pilgrims to reach their destination without problems.
What is offered to Mother Earth?
Cigarette: It is smoked during the burn to ward off bad vibes.
Wool: According to the colors it attracts good luck.
Came: It is offered to quench the thirst of Mother Earth.
Coca leaf: This herb is chosen because it calms the fatigue of men in their hardest jobs. Also, it quenches hunger and quenches thirst.
Corn: It is sought to have greater security.
Honey: This ingredient allows to sweeten the orders.
Silver and gold: So that the family basket stays full.
Ant land: So that work is not lacking.
Myrrh: It is used to ward off envy from close people.
Rose petals: For abundance and money to flourish.
Beer and wine: They are considered the element of health. They are also considered the drinks of joy and fun.
Chicha: It is another delicacy for the earth. It is made many days in advance, since it needs a set time to be ready in color, taste and aroma.