According to the latest publication of the Living Planet Index of the World Wide Foundation (WWF), in just four decades, anthropic activities wiped out more than half of the Earth's wildlife. In other words, 60% of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles disappeared between 1970 and 2014.
“It would be like eliminating all the people of North America, South America, Africa, Europe, China and Oceania. That's how great the impact is, ”says WWF director Mike Barret in the report.
South and Central America face the greatest damage, with a loss of 89% of their animal kingdom. Meanwhile, freshwater ecosystems are the most affected, their animal population collapsed by 83% in the last four decades.
Beyond being a "beauty of nature", biodiversity is the infrastructure and a requirement for modern life for humanity, the organization warns.
Overexploitation and agricultural activity are the greatest threats to the planet's species, driven by the excessive consumption of the world population. Experts estimate that by 2050, only one-tenth of the earth will be free from the harmful impact of human activity.
The report was generated by the Zoological Society of London for the WWF. To calculate the decline of wildlife on land, information from more than 4,000 species from 16,704 groups of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians was analyzed.
With information from: