June 2019 was the warmest month on Earth. What was the cause?

June 2019 was the warmest month on Earth. What was the cause?

Last June was the hottest month on record, the European Union satellite agency announced.

Data provided by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), implemented by the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts on behalf of the EU, showed that the global average temperature for June 2019 was the highest on record in the month. .

The data showed that European average temperatures were more than two degrees Celsius above normal and that temperatures were 6 ° C to 10 ° C above normal in most of France, Germany and northern Spain. during the last days of the month.

The global average temperature was about 0.1 ° C higher than the previous June in 2016.

Experts have said that climate change made last week's record-breaking European heat wave at least five times more likely to occur, according to a recent analysis.

The rapid assessment of average temperatures in France between June 26 and June 28 showed a "substantial" increase in the likelihood of a heat wave occurring as a result of human-caused global warming, experts from the Meteorological Attribution Group said. World.

The recent heat wave caused France to record the highest temperature in the country's history of 45.9 ° C and the main forest fires in all of Spain, where temperatures exceeded 40 ° C.

Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic also recorded their highest temperatures in the last week of June.

C3S admitted that it is difficult to directly link the heat wave to climate change, but noted that these extreme weather events are expected to become more common due to global warming.

Dr Jean-Noel Thepaut, head of C3S, said: “Although local temperatures may have been lower or higher than forecast, our data shows that temperatures in the southwestern region of Europe during the last week of June were unusually high.

"Although this was exceptional, we are likely to see more of these events in the future due to climate change."

Peter Stott, an expert in analyzing the role of climate change in extreme weather conditions at the British Met Office, stated that "a similarly extreme heat wave 100 years ago would probably have been around 4.0 ° C cooler."

In response to the unprecedented heat, Professor Hannah Cloke, a natural hazards researcher at the University of Reading, said: “We knew June was hot in Europe, but this study shows that temperature records have not only been broken, but that they have been erased ”.

However, he added: “Quick attempts to find links between climate change and extreme weather events are possible, but often come with many caveats. We must be careful not to ignore these caveats when examining the findings of rapid response attribution studies. "

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