Some animals live in permanent disguise all year long: they are adept at camouflage.
These are animals with the ability of mimicry, an ability that certain living beings have toresemble other organisms and their own environment to gain some advantage. Thus, they can look like leaves, flowers, or even a ferocious creature to avoid being attacked. The truth is that it is a technique used by both predators and prey.
The art of camouflage finds its correct name in the term crypsis, from the GreekKryptos, which means 'what is hidden' or 'what is hidden'. existfour major categories to classify the different types of crypsis: immobility, coloration, pattern and non-visual.
The first of all,immobility, is the simplest of techniques. As is well intuited, it consists ofstay completely still in one place to end up blending into the environment. This is very effective with certain species of reptiles, as some only detect the presence of another animal if it moves.
Coloring, for its part, is one of the most striking and spectacular. The animaladapts your body to the tones of the habitat in which it is found and in some cases, it is really difficult to discern between landscape and animal. In this group, the figure of the chameleon has been included, but in an erroneous way, since its color change is not due to the mimicry with what surrounds them, but due to its psychological state and the consonance with the ambient temperature.
When you talk aboutcryipsis by pattern, we refer to the type of camouflage that some animals developsimulating the texture that surrounds them. Typically this ability goes hand in hand with coloration cryptosis, thus creating perfect mimicry.
All these techniques have to do with the deceit of the other people's eye. However, there are other methods to go unnoticed between species that do not use vision as a primary sense. This is the case of thenon-visual crypsis,that enhances camouflage through the alteration of smells and sound.
The wisdom of the animal kingdom has no limits and its fascinating way of life reveals new mysteries and curiosities every day.In this gallery, we collect some of the most expert species in deception. Would you be able to differentiate them in their habitat?
Despite its delicate and charming appearance, don't be fooled. It is a voracious predator. The orchid mantis is usually placed next to the petals of the flowers, resembling one of them to thus trap pollinating insects such as butterflies or fruit flies. Its attractive coloration and shape always attracts many unsuspecting insects that end up in its nets. Rainforests are found from Malaysia, Indonesia, and Sumatra.
He Malay Horned Toad or Malay Leaf Toad It is a species of amphibian restricted to tropical rainforest areas from southern Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia to Singapore, Sumatra, and Borneo. These large amphibians hide in the litter on the ground, making it harder for predators to locate them and easier for them to catch unsuspecting prey like spiders and lizards.
The bush cricket is also an expert in camouflage. Lives in shrubs, grasslands, and grasses (of Europe and Southeast Asia) and it is characterized by the large number of dark and reddish dots that cover almost the entire body. The youngest ones are very similar to ants and the adults, despite being perceived as a common cricket, are beautifully camouflaged among the leaves to avoid predators.
The chameleon is probably the most famous creature for its camouflage ability but the truth is that only some species of chameleon have the ability to change color. In addition, although we like their changes in skin tones, they do not respond to a camouflage action but rather it is the response of their skin to the environment and temperature, and to indicate their mood or the intention of mating.
It is a bird whose perfect setting is a winter landscape, since its white plumage allows it to blend into snowy landscapes. However,this plumage changes depending on the sex. The male is totally white, while the female is white but with brown spots on her wings and back. The more adult they are, the more intense the colors.
Gray wolves are very strong and resistant creatures, and they are also cunning. These can adapt to different environments as long as there is enough food. His way of attacking is very particular, becausehis tactic is based on prowling the prey (even for days) and go for this one when she runs off alarmed.
Spreading your genes through procreation is a biological imperative, and for most animals, this requires, well, staying alive to have offspring. However, this is not the case for him.stick insect. Scientists have discovered that even if a bird eats a stick insect, it still has a second chance to produce post-mortem offspring, as the eggs found within the insect's body can travel through the bird's digestive tract and exit through the another without harm. Inside the bird droppings, the eggs can even hatch, giving birth to a new stick insect far from its relatives. Wonderful nature.