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Declarations of the women in Bali, last PrepCom prior to the Sustainable Development Summit in Johannesburg

Declarations of the women in Bali, last PrepCom prior to the Sustainable Development Summit in Johannesburg

Summary of women's statements on various issues and in the last dialogue session with multi-stakeholders, something like the main sectors with specific interests, women are one of these sectors.

Below you will find the summary of the women's statements on various issues and in the last dialogue session with the multi-stakeholders (clarification: multi-stakeholders are something like the main sectors with specific interests, women are one of these sectors )

1. Statement on Governance
2. Statement on Partnerships
3. Statement on Capacity Building
4. Final statement of the dialogues with Multi-stakeholder

DECLARATION ON GOVERNANCE
Bali May 27, 2002

Introduction

Ten years ago in Rio, the international community and thousands of women decided to get involved in creating a vision of the world that would redefine development priorities for the 21st century. Women from all over the world participated by sharing their experiences, their hopes and dreams to provide feedback. Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration. We all understand that a prerequisite for human beings to be able to live in harmony with nature must start from a new value system, one that could only crystallize if we were able to admit that the structures with greater historical power would have to be dismantled and that we would have to strive for a new relationship between human beings and the environment, between men and women, between rich and poor, between nations and people.

In Rio, a new paradigm would emerge that accompanied the path of peace and sustainable development, equity and equality that required differentiated common responsibilities.

And now we are here in Bali, 10 years later with the task of evaluating our role as well as that of our communities, governments and other sectors. How have we raffled it?

At the global level we are more immersed in the liberation of the market than in the liberation of people. The World Trade Organization has strengthened the International Financial Institutions since Rio and they continue to limit the participation of women within their structures, despite the fact that their policies and programs determine our daily lives. We cannot continue to postpone the discussion of the lack of responsibility of these institutions in terms of accountability.

Agenda 21 had strong participation from women's groups and, in general, civil society, committed to sustainable development and with long-term goals. This new paradigm was aimed at connecting the economic, environmental and social sectors on a new path to development, one that was sustainable for people and communities around the world. After Rio, governments made new commitments to achieve gender equality and the improvement of the socio-economic position of women in Cairo, Beijing, Copenhagen and Istanbul.

Women urge governments to respond and effectively comply with the governance policies, conditions and institutions necessary to implement sustainable development at all levels.

Urgent action is required in the following 3 key areas:

1. Global Governance
2. Gender and Governance
3. Transparency and accountability

Global Governance:

It is clear that women have great interests in the change towards this new paradigm. We believe that one of the main reasons why the sustainable development paradigm has not worked is the absence of a
institutional framework to implement it. In other words, we need strong institutions at the global level and almost in all cases also at the national and sub-national levels, which have the capacity, authority and resources to connect the economic, social and environmental sectors with gender justice of meaningful way. The United Nations has not been efficient in fulfilling the mandate of sustainable development. The main achievements of Rio were the conventions and treaties on the environment that represent advances, of course, however they continue to have a vision of the fractured and sectoral nature. It never had the authority, resources, or experience necessary to implement the sustainable development that requires new institutional mechanisms that explicitly link economic, environmental, and social programs and policies with the authority and resources necessary to implement this inclusive approach.

Urgent call for action:

* Sustainable Development should be the starting framework to define the parameters of economic, social and political governance and play a key role in information and guidance policies as well as in programs and commitments from the local to the global level.

* Within the United Nations system, a different institutional mechanism is required, with the mandate and authority to integrate economic, environmental and social issues and make them operational throughout all UN agencies
* Coherence and coordination should be a responsibility of governance and a prerequisite for alliances with the UN, including the UN agencies themselves, business, the IMF, the World Bank and the WTO.

* Good governance requires full access by civil society to all UN bodies, including ECOSOC, the Security Council and meetings of the General Assembly. It is time for the UN to decide to grant permanent status to civil society in order to guarantee a more effective alliance.

Gender and Governance:

As we said, the commitments made in Vienna, Cairo, Beijing and Istanbul on gender equality are urgent to achieve sustainable development. The eradication of poverty, women's rights, and gender justice are closely related. These gender commitments are not automatically reflected in institutional governance. For example, our sisters in Indonesia have made it clear that the island of Bali has a zero percentage of female representatives in the House of Representatives. We demand equitable representation of women in all decision-making bodies, both social and economic at all levels.

Urgent Call for Action:

* Gender equity commitments made at UN conferences in the past decade, such as the Beijing Platform for Action, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women, the Optional Protocol on Human Rights should be considered as a prerequisite to achieve sustainable development.

* Equitable representation of men and women in all United Nations decision-making forums, particularly in the Sustainable Development Summit (CDDS), UNFCCC, UNFCCD, POPs and POPs. Security Council Resolution 1325 is a useful model to follow.

* All monitoring and evaluation programs should require the collection and application of updated information disaggregated by gender, as well as the use of gender-sensitive indicators.

* Within the UN, UNIFEM must be in charge of coordinating the incorporation of the gender perspective in the hegemonic instances and must receive sufficient funding to do so.

* All kinds of actions that recognize and reward the contribution of women as key actors in environmental protection, management and conservation should be promoted.

Transparency and accountability:

Women share concern with many developing countries about the power that international funding institutions have acquired. Let's be honest, IIFs are the dominant institutions and their goal is economic development, not sustainable development. Although they express concern about the environmental impact and the eradication of poverty, their line is clear, their interest in economic growth beats them both environmentally and socially and although the United Nations through the financing process for the development has begun to sit at the table of global economic governance, its
ability to restore balance towards sustainable development geared towards people and women is very limited.

Urgent call for action:

* The United Nations should refer to the absence of institutional democracy of the international financial institutions, the World Bank, the IMF and the WTO.

* Global, regional and national arrangements to implement the polluter pays principle must be put in place and work.

* The adoption of the corporate accountability convention and the reinstatement of the UNTNC.

* Participatory and monitoring processes will require different institutional mechanisms, but also education, awareness and financing mechanisms that support their implementation at all levels.

DECLARATION ON ALLIANCES OF THE CAUCUS OF WOMEN - PREPCOM IV, BALI Tuesday, May 28, 2002

Introduction

Women are half the population of the planet. Sustainable development is impossible without women. Gender inequalities persist around the world despite so many promises and commitments. These inequalities prevent women from having a voice and being able to make decisions on issues that affect our development, our lives and our social, economic and environmental environment.

Rio provided an extensive framework for implementing sustainable development. Johannesburg must provide us with a strong platform for action capable of delivering on commitments. These commitments must go hand in hand with an immediate implementation of the Rio Conventions and Treaties, with defined compliance times.

In the case of Type 2 Outcomes, women are committed to partnering with the poor and oppressed, with women around the world, and with nature. If we are generous and assume that Type 2 Results do indeed lead us to achieve sustainable development, then they should be explicitly based on the principles of sustainable development and include the precautionary principle, the systemic perspective and the ecosystem perspective, the transparency, accountability, access to up-to-date information, equity and justice in the context of human rights.

Our Urgent Priorities and Principles for Implementation fall into three key areas:

Areas:

1. Corporations, International Financial Institutions and Alliances,

2. Gender and Alliances

3. Implementation of Existing Conventions

1. First, in terms of corporations, IFIs, and alliances:

Urgent Priorities:

* We are very concerned that the current Type 2 Results process is making it possible for corporations (industries and transnational companies) to replace the role of responsibilities of national governments, especially around providing basic services such as water. , sanitation, education and health. Alliances should not be used to cover up privatization. Transnationals and IFIs
They are for-profit organizations that were not designed to benefit communities, so it is urgent to incorporate and define indicators that allow successful alliances and for this it is necessary to define who are the beneficiaries of these alliances.

* The WTO and the Doha Conference are based on the primacy of trade and not on sustainable development. These should not be used to define or influence the outcomes of the Sustainable Development Summit. The IMF, the World Bank and the WTO are key institutions in the globalization of poverty. Experience has shown us that globalization leads to a greater marginalization of a growing number of countries and people who have been called "developing", particularly women, while at the same time leading to greater problems of environmental degradation. . We are very concerned about the negative influence that the transnationals of the Global Compact have on the United Nations, since there is no defined mechanism capable of holding them accountable.

Implementation Principles:

* Alliances must be based on an agreed future of sustainable development that takes into account common but differentiated responsibilities. For example, the United States, Australia and other countries have not ratified conventions such as the Kyoto Protocol and the Beijing Platform for Action, these countries should not have access to any alliance.

* Consultation and genuine dialogue with civil society are mechanisms that must be established in all processes for sustainable development. To avoid co-option and manipulation of the weakest sectors, these mechanisms must be accompanied by the informed consent of all the actors involved (with interests). We need to have a well-documented inclusiveness protocol.

2. Second, in the area of ​​gender and alliances:

The urgent priorities are:

* The issue of unequal power and therefore unequal access to resources and decision-making must be discussed in alliances that genuinely wish to achieve sustainable development. Without a clear commitment to equitable powers in decision-making, women, indigenous peoples and civil society in general cannot come to the table with transnational corporations as equals. A true dialogue requires the integration of the principles of sustainable development from its origin. How can they be allies and negotiate as equals when there is no equitable power from the bottom up in decision-making?

* We will not be ready to collaborate with transnationals and IFIs until they guarantee that they have transparent policies and actions and a clear process of accountability.

Implementation principles:

* Alliances must include a balance of gender and social justice at all levels and in all areas, economic, social, environmental and development.

* A gender advisory committee should be formed to guide the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Type 2 Results.

* All alliances must actively seek the recognition, incorporation and promotion of appropriate technology, traditional knowledge and experiences of women and indigenous groups.

* New financial and technical resources allocated in particular to women, both in the North and the South, should be mobilized in order to improve their capacity to make decisions and create new policies. Along with this, we also demand that the northern governments comply with their contribution of 0.7% of their GDP for official development assistance (ODA).

* Some gender-specific tools such as gender audits and gender impact analyzes should be integrated into these alliances. The investigation protocols and the resulting actions should frame the issues related to accounting for gender differences and the result should be translated into statistics disaggregated by sex.

3. Third, on the implementation of existing conventions:

Urgent priorities:

* National governments are and should remain accountable for the progress of Agenda 21 and the Rio Conventions. Governments must demonstrate their political will to meet their obligations and commitments regarding the implementation of the agreements. Type 2 Results should not be seen as a replacement for government commitments and responsibilities.

* Type 2 Outcomes are promoted as "non-state" voluntary agreements, however we do not understand why the United Nations is so interested in promoting voluntary partnerships when what is really needed is clearly a time-bound program. implementation of the existing United Nations International Conventions, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, the Cairo Conference on Population and Development, the Human Settlements Convention in Istanbul and Resolution 1325 on economic and social rights, the Cairo

Implementation principles:

* The prejudices against international alliances are because they put aside valuable practices and experience at the national, regional and local levels, therefore, alliances must create strong contacts with the existing sustainable development processes at the national, regional and local levels. local, such as Local Agenda 21 initiatives and pro-poor policies and programs.

* A selection process must be established that eliminates allies that are not clearly contributing to the implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Global Compact. For example, with respect to corporations, the experience of the Global Compact points to the need to convene a United Nations Convention on the Accountability of Corporations.

conclusion

In conclusion, having clarified the basic points of our participation, we would like to dialogue with the Type 2 Results that connect this engagement with the poor, the oppressed, women and nature.

We would like to end by asking three questions:

1. We would like to know how Type 2 Results will avoid benefiting corporations and IFIs to the detriment of the rights and freedom of women and other excluded or marginalized groups. We would like to put this question to the IMF, the World Bank and the US government and the European Union. The comments of each and all of you. are also welcome.

2. What are the mechanisms that the alliance process has to guarantee gender equity, justice and incorporation in the hegemonic instances? We would like to pose this question to all those who can demonstrate a successful implementation of the gender perspective in the hegemonic instances.

3. If the alliances are truly voluntary, what are the mechanisms that will ensure that they will comply with the conventions that have already been accepted internationally? We want to put this question to the international Chamber of Commerce, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and CorpWatch.

Thank you very much

Declaration of the Women's Group on Capacity Building. - IV PrepCom, Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue, May 28, 2002

Capacity building refers to both individuals and institutions. In this statement we will focus on a specific analysis and recommendations for both dimensions.

1-Capacity building in individuals.

Greater participation of women in sustainable development and particularly in developing and transition countries requires a greater understanding from both governmental and non-governmental spheres of the current status of women and the obstacles. This varies greatly from country to country and yet women continue to be 65% of the illiterate population. It is clear that the high rates of
Illiteracy affects the economic stability and political participation of women, diminishing their ability to contribute in a relevant way to development policies.

In both developed and developing countries, women are disconnected from governmental and intergovernmental processes. Therefore, capacity building is a necessity that should consider the main obstacles that women have to face before being able to participate effectively. These obstacles include the absence of education, information, financing, training, etc. Women often do not have the necessary transportation to facilitate their participation in meetings and trainings. The continued feminization of poverty is another fundamental barrier that causes apathy and skepticism towards the government and a lack of credibility regarding the possibility that people can change things.

Education is a human right. Governments must guarantee access for women and girls to education and training. In accordance with the Millennium Goals, we demand by 2005 the elimination of
gender inequalities in primary and secondary education and at all educational levels by the year 2015. The financing of schools must respect the 20/20 goal of the Copenhagen Summit. Education for sustainable development and peace must be a priority within the formal education system at all levels, from primary to university.

2- Capacity building institutions
It is recognized that the failure to implement Agenda 21 is largely due to the lack of capacity to face both social and environmental challenges. A concentrated effort is required in the area of ​​incorporating the gender perspective in the hegemonic institutions, as recommended in Chapter 21 of Agenda 21.

Chairperson, we demand a 50% participation of women at all levels of decision-making through capacity building programs aimed at women's organizations according to the thematic areas of their interest.

All institutions related to sustainable development should develop and implement a strategy for the specific incorporation of the gender perspective. We recommend that resources from all multilateral and financial institutions be committed to a global gender monitoring body related to sustainable development.

In order to guarantee a budget for gender at all levels, we demand that resources be allocated to building capacities in government and civil society instances, particularly in women's organizations.

The sustainable development experiences of women should be valued, so we demand the recognition, affirmation, protection and promotion of their knowledge, for example, co-learning between women that is proven is a strong method of capacity building.

It is essential that governments and development agencies allocate resources to women's organizations to strengthen the documentation and replication of innovative local initiatives that are capable of sustaining the life of communities. Given the fight against HIV / AIDS in Africa and the role of women's organizations in working with affected populations, we specifically recommend allocating 50% of the total global resources for HIV / AIDS to be channeled to women's organizations.

In order to eradicate the digital divide, organizations for women and those led by women require resources to develop communication and information technology, this includes access to computers, connections, training and also the possibility of contributing gender content.

Finally, we want to draw attention to the fact of the need to have information and statistics disaggregated by gender, it is necessary to collect the data and facilitate access to the information as much as possible.
widely possible and in everything related to sustainable development. To create synergies and avoid duplication or the impossibility of conducting comparative studies, it is important that activities at the international, national and local levels that generate statistics and information disaggregated by gender and that develop gender-sensitive indicators are interrelated.

Final Declaration of Women at Multi-Stakeholder Dialogues, Bali, Indonesia, May 29, 2002 at the IV PrepCom for the Sustainable Development Summit.

Women from Latin America, North America, Asia and the Pacific, Africa and Europe have been directly involved in the entire preparatory process from regional meetings to Multi-Stakeholder Dialogues. It is clear to us in the process that although we are talking, we are not being listened to.

This is our last dialogue before the Johannesburg conference. We have been naive. Companies and some governments propose actions of a voluntary nature while both women and other sectors and some governments ask the United Nations for member countries to commit themselves to an effort of shared actions towards sustainable development. This process is at a crossroads. Either we all continue to divert our energy towards alliances that the United Nations is not capable of strengthening or we commit to produce a strong final document with goals tied to dates and times and a significant mobilization of resources.

As we finish the final document and prepare the political declaration, we need to act in accordance with five basic principles:

1. Sustainable Development must be the context that frames and defines the parameters of economic, social and political commitments as an alternative to the neo-liberal economic model.

2. Within the United Nations and national governments, institutional mechanisms other than the existing ones are required, which really have the mandate and the authority to implement the Rio and Johannesburg Plans of Action.

3. Equality of women and gender justice are fundamental to achieve sustainable development.

4. All countries, large and small, rich and poor, must ratify existing regional and international conventions on human rights and women's rights.

5. Accountability measures for companies, governments and IFIs include:

* A Convention on Corporate Accountability at the international level.

* Defined times to meet the Millennium Goals at the national level;

* Alignment and adherence of the policies of the IFIs (the World Bank, the IMF and the WTO) to the global commitment to sustainable development.

In conclusion, we thank the Chair of the Dialogue in which we have been fully involved but we are forced to conclude that so far our participation has not been integrated into the documents of this process.

While we are gathered in one of the most beautiful natural settings in the world, we can only remember that everywhere there are sick people who are dying due to pollution and HIV / AIDS, who live in extreme poverty and suffer wars and that they cannot and do not have to continue listening to flowery speeches and promises that have never been kept.

What we need here in Bali are defined commitments, goals and implementation times and the necessary resources. All the words have already been recorded, now is the time to act and show whether there is political will.

Women insist on the following actions that cannot be postponed:

1. Demilitarization, restoration of peace and relocation of military budgets in items aimed at sustainable development

2. Reverse the negative effects of globalization and demand that the United Nations refuse to endorse the policies of international financial institutions.

3. Stop the privatization of basic services and systems and privilege the growth of the market economy over sustainable development with a human dimension.

4. Stop the flow of natural resources from the south to the north and the usurpation of the resources of their rightful owners.

5. Achieve gender justice and gender balance in political, economic and social decision-making bodies.

6. Prioritize financial resources to implement Type 1 Results over Type 2 Results.

7. Guarantee an even game between all member states of the United Nations, respecting the sovereign rights of all parties in all scenarios.

8. Force countries that do not want to make alliances to ratify the sustainable development conventions that already exist.
9. Reinforce accountability and transparency through monitoring, evaluation and the use of indicators with a gender perspective.

10. Consider, account for and repay the ecological debt of developing countries.

11. Direct 50% of the global budget and resources for HIV / AIDS to women and people living with AIDS.

12. Establish fines and programs for polluters.

13. Insist on the precautionary principle in matters of health and safety.

14. Disconnect Doha and Financing for Development from the Sustainable Development Summit process and take commitments beyond those reached at the Millennium Summit for the full implementation of the Summit.

15. Demand a paradigm shift from the neoliberal economic model to one that is gender-sensitive, centered on people, capable of addressing macro-economic policies and programs.

EcoPortal.net thanks Patricia Hume [email protected] and WEDO for sending us this information translated by Milenio.


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