TOPICS

Indigenous Peoples and Globalization

Indigenous Peoples and Globalization

By Rosalia Paiva

How can we believe in institutions if they do not treat us with dignity?
If we review history they have used us to make us fight and they have told us the story as a great lie from their interests and dominance.
I speak from the other side of the skin of women, my indigenous and non-indigenous sisters, I am Quechua.

I think it is important to analyze what the words mean: "Peru", "Bolivia", "Ecuador", "Argentina", "Colombia", "Chile", etc, etc. I think that just by saying them we are reaffirming colonization, exclusion and contempt for the peoples.

TAWANTINSUYANOS, First Nations of ABYA YALA (Kuna language: rich, sacred land, fragrant growing and maturing land).


For this, it is enough to review the various constitutions, it is enough to observe and carefully read the report of the Truth Commission, it is enough to look at the situation of vulnerability in which we find ourselves, it is enough to feel how it hurts and divides the accentuated discrimination from the state in all aspects , educational, social, political, economic towards indigenous people and blacks.

So how can we recognize a state that despises and excludes people just because they are of a different color and have a different worldview and language? How can we believe in institutions if they do not treat us with dignity?
If we review history they have used us to make us fight and they have told us the story as a great lie from their interests and dominance.

I speak from the other side of the skin of women, my indigenous and non-indigenous sisters, I am Quechua.

Globalization is the new name for imperialism. It is one of the disguises of the attempt of the empire of the North American government and its competitors to dominate the world as a whole in order to exploit the natural resources of ABYA YALA (Latin America), its labor force and its markets and find a profitable field and insurance for their speculative capital, which contributes to unsustainable underdevelopment for our countries in particular.

We say that there are perverse effects in this globalization because it deepens the difference between a very rich minority and a vast majority of the dispossessed.

Capitalism (globalization) and its derivatives (FTAA) promote unsustainable development that progressively leads to environmental destruction and the annihilation of a large part of humanity through disease, hunger and wars. Neoliberal globalization has caused two great fractures.

One that affects the planet, which is breaking the balance of our relationship with the environment. Another that affects humanity, that divides people by their place of birth, their origin, their economic condition or their ideas.

WOMEN have always been violated in our rights for being women, for being indigenous and being poor.

I have seen the ruthless exploitation of my sisters in the poor neighborhoods of the cities through the maquilas, I have seen my sisters giving away their children so that they do not die of hunger.


For us, globalization means an extremely violent process, it presents us with a mirage, it makes us believe that we are interconnected with the world, but in reality we are alienated and interconnected with poverty and the violation of our rights, those of our children, husbands, our brothers and sisters. Family in general, is a monster who watches us as we beg for work and takes advantage of it to squeeze us.

In the various countries of Latin America we see how governments do not represent they impose.

The States have transferred the economy to the political scene and we see a reduction in the exercise of human rights, demonstrating an inability to solve the problems derived from coexistence and the well-being of the population.

The rulers have become unconditional puppets of the empire and we see how, in the face of pressure from the people, the armed forces are trained to defend the economic interests of imperialism through the militarization that is cruel to the unarmed people who only claim rights and therefore they are locked up in jails, they are "labeled" as terrorists and so on.

Do we not see that their military bases are at strategic points throughout ABYA YALA (Latin America) and in all countries?

All this so that nobody says anything.

Now they want our genuflected presidents to sign the free trade agreement (FTAA), this agreement is the most horrible form of exploitation for our peoples, they also do it through international instruments that they control such as the IMF, the World Bank or the WTO.

These international organizations serve the strategy of imperialism, they promote unsustainable development that will progressively lead to environmental destruction and the annihilation of a large part of humanity through disease, hunger and wars.

Neoliberal globalization has caused two great fractures.
One that affects the planet, which is breaking the balance of our relationship with the environment, with our Pachamama (Mother Earth).

Another that affects humanity, that divides people by their place of birth, their origin, their economic condition or their ideas.

All this should alarm us and fill us with indignation.

The 1996 Human Development Report of the UN Development Program recognizes that more than 100 countries do not benefit from the global economic system, that the real beneficiaries are only 10 countries.

The report defines five negative models of economic growth: without employment, ruthless (which generates social exclusion), without voice (without political democracy), without roots (which destroy the structures of our indigenous peoples) and without a future (predator of natural resources ).

The FAO estimates the number of hungry people at 800 million, a quarter are children under five years of age, of that percentage, 50% are children from Latin America, how can we not be outraged at this, if we have given birth to them and they are our children?
We propose that there is a way out of this catastrophe.
We have 511 years of experience in resistance and struggle, the task belongs to each and everyone.

We cannot allow the FTAA.

We consider that the self-determination of our peoples is a way to achieve independence, with land, territory and autonomy.

For this reason we believe that whoever wants peace, equality and justice needs to fight energetically for the independence and sovereignty of the peoples, because it is the only thing that can serve as the basis for a true integration as humans in harmony with our Pachamama.

As we have seen (and not entirely) this globalization totally affects people, peoples and the planet in multiple ways.

Another of the affected lands belongs to individual and collective ideals. The formation of a submissive mentality, fear of leaving the system, lack of confidence in change, justifications of the current order and its perversities, passivity and indifference to one's own and other people's problems, lack of sensitivity to injustices and inequalities are some of the effects that this system produces in the majority of the population. Margaret Tatcher's famous little phrase from "There is no alternative", the psychological substratum left by expressions like "The end of ideologies" by Fukuyama, "The clash of civilizations" by Huntington or the continuous speeches in the media of any other insane reinforce the feeling that nothing can be done against the system because it is already defined in very specific axes: the ideology of the market, neoliberal policies, relationships based on money, formal representative democracy.

That is why they tell us that globalization is uncontrollable. But what is certain is that capitalism has not unexpectedly rained down from the sky by the work of destiny, (we can build destiny) it has been imposed and directed by the world's ruling class.
National organizations (states, banks, armies,) and international (WTO, WB, IMF, NATO, NAFTA,) have been created by people and by people will be dismantled.

The capitalist order and its perverse effects are faced throughout the continent and the planet, it is only a matter of time, effort,
organization and decision that this murderous structure that oppresses the peoples of the earth and our Pachamama (Mother Earth) falls.

The future is ours and the peoples make it, here no one should be excluded because the lives of your children and grandchildren depend on you today tomorrow and always, each one is important for this definition: either life or death you have the floor.

* Rosalia Paiva
International Campaing for the Dignity of by Native People


Video: The Original People of Peru: The Quechua Indigenous People Documentary. TRACKS (September 2021).